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In the 15th Century we have three groups of sources and dance styles. The first is from a group of three italian dance masters, the second is (Burgundian) Basse and the third being the enigmatic so called "Gresley Manuscript" from England.

This first group of sources from the middle part of the Fifteenth century in Italy consisted of two main types of dances the first being basse danza and the latter Ballo. This genre of dance also contains more free form styles such as Saltarello and Piva. (To my limited understanding) these dances were just those steps done throughout the music; any number of dancers could dance in any arrangement as singles couples or lines of dancers. The Dance masters we have sources from are Domenico da Piacenza and his students Giovanni Ambrosio (earlier known before his baptism as Guglielmo Ebreo - Ebreo in English being "the Jew") and Antonio Cornazano.

The Basse danza or "low dance" is a graceful style of dance, most of which were for one pair of dancers (with a few needing more then one) that has fairly simple but elegant footwork. These dances are quite sensual and make a fun spectacle to watch (most of which is lost, however, if one is dancing in modern clothes.) One unusual detail of this style of dance is that it was danced to any tenor that was of the appropriate length. Within the SCA we typically use the same music, however, for the few of this style that are commonly danced (such as Lauro or Cupido.)

The Ballo style (found in the same sources as the Basse danza) contains some of the same step work but it is more of a suite in that these dances combine several sequences of various tempi of music and form into one dance. Some of these sequences are from the Basse danza, others are groupings of Piva or Saltarello with the rest being artful patterns of footwork and floor movement. Some are quite easy with others being somewhat challenging. Commonly danced in the SCA of this style include Petit Riens, Gioioso (often called Rostibolli Gioioso) and Gelosia

The next style is Burgundian Basse (or "low" dancing) which is the most courtly of court dances. One could easily imagine the long column of elegant nobility, the flowering of the height of the art of the European world, gracefully flowing forward and back to the majestic music. The dance itself is simple to do but requires a good bit of memory to connect the basic and simple steps to get through the dance, and a lot of grace and athletic achievement to perform it as we envision. The steps are a pair of singles, doubles, basse (side steps) , Dimarche (backward moving doubles) and reverence. The steps are in patters that vary the number of singles and doubles and most are in very predictable patterns. The music (in almost all cases) is found with the dance choreography as only a tenor (the low line, in this case a long series of even notes) with each note equaling one choreographic footwork identified by letters below the notes.



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